One of the 5 largest genera of conifers, with numerous varieties. Plants of this genus are encountered in most parks and gardens. The genus contains more than 50 species, native to the North hemisphere.
Latin name: Juniperus communis "Gold Cone"
Deciduous plants with needle-like or scaly-like foliage. Needles are borne in whors per 3 and the scales are opposite and decussate. Usually bushy plants with a side-branched shape and more rarely small trees. They grow in any well-drained, neutral or alkaline, even dry soil, in full sun or partial shade.
Used mostly in rock gardens and in groups for ground-covering.
Propagate by grafting and by semi-woody cuttings (cut by fingernail in summer), using mist propagation.
Typical species are propagated by seeds that take several years to sprout, requiring pregermination treatments such as cold stratification or scarifying with thin sulfuric acid.
Upright-growing shrub with needle-like, yellow foliage. It develops a more open crown with age.