Genus of more than 110 species of conifers, from which there have been developed numerous conifers.
Latin name: Pinus pinea
Evergreen plants with slightly fragrant, needle-like foliage. Needles are are borne in a spiral phyllotaxy in clusters (fascicles) of 1,2,3,5, each fascicle produced from a bud like a basal sheath. Needles are semi-circular or triangular. Fruits are cones.
Pines require full sun and do well even in poor soils.
Dwarf varieties are used in rock gardens and arrangements. Trees are used as specimens in big gardens or in clusters.
Pines are subject to the pine caterpillar (thaumetopoea pityocampa), to Bacillus thuringiesis and to the sap-feeding insect Marchalina hellenica, which can be biologically fought via the predatory insect Neuleucopis kartliana.
Typical species are propagated by seeds that germinate easily in spring at 20°C (68°F).
Propagate cultivars by grafting or by semi-woody cuttings by fingernail in summer and autumn.
Species with thick needles in fascicles of two. Tree with a conical crown that becomes umbrella-shaped with age. The seeds of its cones are edible. It is found in the peri-mediterranean zone. Most sought-out and used species of genus, as, besides everything else, it doesn’t get infected by pine caterpillar. Small requirements in water. Tolerant to salt sprays.